Create a roaming profile – Windows 7, 8, 10 with Server 2008 R2

Attached are guides on creating a roaming profile with Windows 7 and Server 2008 r2.

(Thanks to Mr. Ledlow for creating these)

Guides are in PDF
Step One Create a User on the Domain

Step Two Creating a Folder on the Domain

Step Three Creating the Profile

Step Four Join the Domain

A roaming profile allows the domain user to login and keep their preferences regardless of where they login.

See our review of Windows 8 and see how you can run 90% of your programs, virtualize other operating systems, use your network and more.

Also go and Tweak your wireless!!

RichardKok  Reset a Roaming Profile

Other info

http://www.grouppolicy.biz/2010/08/best-practice-roaming-profiles-and-folder-redirection-a-k-a-user-virtualization/

http://blogs.technet.com/b/askds/archive/2008/06/17/user-profile-policies-in-windows-server-2008-and-windows-vista.aspx

http://blogs.technet.com/b/askds/archive/2008/06/30/automatic-creation-of-user-folders-for-home-roaming-profile-and-redirected-folders.aspx

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/555046

Windows 10 and Server 2012

Joining a domain helps to control users and allows them to roam between workstations.  Domains provide a central point to control and organize your enterprise.

4 Domain NameOn the domain, Click on Active Directory Users and Computers.  Right Click Users, select New and select User.

1 Users

While this post covers the basics of joining a domain, this post will not cover the detail you can specify for each user (to see more, double click on the user after the creation process).  Enter the information about the user.

2 User

Enter a complex password.  (GPOs can be set for each User, Computer, OU and more including password policies)

3 Password

On the Workstation,  Right Click Computer, select Change Settings.

WS Joining a Domain 1a

Under Member Of, select the radio bullet Domain and type in the Domain information.   If your computer cannot find the domain, go to your DNS settings and enter the IP address of the domain.

WS Joining domain 1

Click OK.

WS Joining Domain 2

Enter the Administrator Username and Password of the domain and click OK.

WS Joining Domain 3

Restart your computer.

WS joining Domain 4

Once the computer is restarted, enter the Username and Password for the user of the domain.   The domain’s policies are passed along to the workstation.   In general, if you had no policies setup, the default settings of a domain prevents the user from making hardware changes, setting the time and more.

The computer will now show up under AD Users and Computers.

LAST

Attached are guides on creating a roaming profile with Windows 7 and Server 2008 r2. These will work with Windows 7, 8, 8.1 or 10.

Guides are in PDF
Step One Create a User on the Domain

Step Two Creating a Folder on the Domain

Step Three Creating the Profile

Step Four Join the Domain

A roaming profile allows the domain user to login and keep their preferences regardless of where they login.

Posted in Computers, help desk, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Networking, Organizations, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Server 2008 R2 recovery

Boot from OS install disk

Select next after making sure the language options are correct.
Select Repair option
Select CMD
CD\recovery

Run the StartRep.exe

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Having Issues With Google Chrome?

Another excellent find! Thanks Rick

What's On My PC

If you are experiencing issues with Google Chrome, such as frequent crashes, unexpected ads, unusual start pages or a toolbar mysteriously appears; then, you may want to download the Chrome Cleanup Tool. Simply download to your desktop (or a folder) AND run… This tool is made by Google to help track down issues with the Google Chrome browser. One important point to make here is that this tool will give you an option to set your browser settings to the default (original) settings; so, be aware of that. Otherwise, this is worth a shot if your are in a dilemma…

Chrome Cleanup Tool

Chrome Cleanup Tool 

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FastStone Image Viewer Now At V6.0

Excellent freeware find!

What's On My PC

Typically, most folks use the image viewers/editors that is built into Windows, that can be, in my opinion, quite confusing. The viewer that is on all of my PC’s is FastStone Image Viewer.  Been using it for years… Available as a full install or portable app!

FastStone Image Viewer is a fast, stable, user-friendly image browser, converter and editor. It has a nice array of features that include image viewing, management, comparison, red-eye removal, emailing, resizing, cropping, retouching and color adjustments. Its innovative but intuitive full-screen mode provides quick access to EXIF information, thumbnail browser and major functionalities via hidden toolbars that pop up when your mouse touches one of the four edges of the screen. Other features include a high quality magnifier and a musical slideshow with 150+ transitional effects, as well as lossless JPEG transitions, drop shadow effects, image annotation, scanner support, histogram and much more. It supports…

View original post 38 more words

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Is your website or ISP up? Are they having issues?

Downdetector allows you to look at individual companies and check if their internet service or website is up.

http://downdetector.com/companies

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How to reset all Local Group Policy settings

You have changed the Group Policy (local, not in a domain) and are not sure exactly what changed – You can undo all of the changes by doing the following.

At the command prompt (as Administrator), type the following –

RD /S /Q “%WinDir%\System32\GroupPolicyUsers”

RD /S /Q “%WinDir%\System32\GroupPolicy”

gpupdate /force

Posted in Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Security | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Did you know Microsoft has an online Training Center for Office?

Microsoft offers an online training center for Microsoft Office that covers Microsoft Excel, OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, Word, OneDrive, Access and Skype for Business.

office-training

The training offers videos, tips and more.  You can find the training here.

Posted in Education, Free Software, freeware, help desk, higher ed, higher education, Home Networking, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Completely uninstall Office with the easy fix tool

Microsoft offers an easy fix tool that gets rid of Office and insures that nothing remains in your folders or registry.   This tool should be use if you have errors installing Office or if you are wanting to remove Office and (re)install another product.

office-removal-program

Posted in Computer Software, computer troubleshooting, Computers, Education, Free Software, freeware, help desk, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Technology | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Are your IoT devices visible from the internet?

BullGuard has a scanner that quickly scans your public IP address and ‘sees’ if your network has open ports that could pose a threat to you or even the internet.  Here’s the link to see if you have something that is open on the internet.

If you do have devices that are visible – routers, wireless or other things such as DVRs – make sure you have the latest firmware and use strong passwords on these devices as a minimum.

http://iotscanner.bullguard.com/

bullguard

If you perform a deep scan, your network is further analyzed and you may receive the warning below.  If you intentionally opened a port AND you are actively monitoring your network by keeping updates and have ports opened along with firmware and 3rd party software updates, you are probably OK.

can-be-breached

 

 

Posted in Apple, Business, Computer Security, Computers, Education, Hacking, Hardware, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Internet, Internet of Things, internet security;, IoT, Linux, Mac, Microsoft Windows, Mobile Computing, network, Networking, Technology | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Windows Update – You may want to use IE and the Catalog to download the massive 760.6mb update …Updates again? This may be the update that fixes updates…for awhile…

Updated….again  (Thanks Cory)

Can’t update Windows, see this post… Link

Need the October 11, 2016 update?  Open IE and go to this link…. download the standalone version for your home or office.

You have to use IE in order to use the Catalog. Link below

http://catalog.update.microsoft.com/v7/site/search.aspx?q=kb3194798

kb3194798

 

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Cipher /w:C securely erasing unused space

The Cipher program can be used to remove any erased data from unused disk space.  The command, Ciper /w:C is used to perform this action and can securely erase data that you once had on your computer.  While this command is relatively safe, you should always have a backup of your critical data.

If you want to do this to make sure files are deleted properly you have to remember a couple of things.  Only do this when the computer can set idle for several hours.   Another thing you have to remember is that if you interrupt this process, the Ciper command can fill up your hard drive with temporary files.   If you have to interrupt this process, you may see you have a lot of space that is suddenly missing.  Use Space Sniffer to find where the temp files were written so that you can erase them.

You can securely erase other drives by replacing the C in the command above with the drive letter of your choice.

cipher

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Slow USB Transfer rate? Try this

If you are experiencing slow USB Transfer rates, try this.

  • Insert your USB drive.
  • Open the Device Manager
  • Expand Disk Drives and double click on your flash drive

slow-usb

  • Check the box “Turn off Windows write-cache buffer flushing on the device”

turn-off

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IEEE Cybersecurity Project a Weapon Against Cyberattacks – IEEE – The Institute

Try-CybSI lets practitioners experiment to learn hackers’ methods and devise defense strategies

Source: IEEE Cybersecurity Project a Weapon Against Cyberattacks – IEEE – The Institute

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Problems getting updates Windows 10

Let’s see where you are at –

First – Click on the menu and type winver and hit enter.  Look at your build number.  Microsoft has recognized an error getting 14393.222.   There is a work around if yours won’t download.  Check this article out at  Windows Central (Although we have a link below this one, it was this article from this great site that gave us where to look) – http://www.windowscentral.com/how-successfully-install-windows-10-build-14393222-workaround.

Or just download the script from here from Microsoft (https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=53942)

Got the Anniversary Edition but updates are hesitating?  Use Cory’s solution he found and download the following…

After the Anniversary edition came out for Windows 10, many people have had the problem of updating their OS.

What are some of the fixes?

Apparently KB3189866 will hang the OS.

Download and apply this KB (full download of the KB is listed below).  This will update your OS and keep the downloads smooth.

Which one do you download?  If you right click on Your-PC, you’ll be able to see if you are 64bit or 32bit.

KB3189866 x64 (431MB)

KB3189866 x86 (255MB)

Got everything up-to-date?  Now make a backup DVD / USB and backup your key.  See our article here – https://ttcshelbyville.wordpress.com/2016/08/07/how-to-backup-your-computer-your-windows-key-and-to-create-a-recovery-drive-to-troubleshoot-your-computer-windows-78-110/

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Don’t daisy chain switches

When you are networking computers, wireless access points, printers and other nodes in multiple rooms, try to avoid daisy-chaining switches or using small 4-8 port switches when you are in a hurry.  Replace any hubs on your network as soon as you can.

With a hub, collisions can be >20% and utilization can stand at >50%.   By replacing a hub alone, you can reduce collisions to 5% on switches in rooms and <1% in the server room.  Switches help to isolate traffic, relieve congestion, separate collision domains (reduce collisions), segment and restart distance/repeater rules.

Daisy Chaining Switches -what not to do

Real world scenarios may require you to temporarily daisy chain switches.  If you do, test the network and run additional backbones or replace core switches to accommodate more nodes as soon as you can. (remember, replace any hubs in your network)

Daisy chaining

One of many solutions is to run independent lines to the core switch

alternative

Basic tips on optimization of your network –

  • Use stackable managed switches
  • Purchase switches that support
    IEEE 802.1D , IEEE 802.1p , IEEE 802.1Q , IEEE 802.1s , IEEE 802.1w , IEEE 802.1x , IEEE 802.3 , IEEE 802.3ab , IEEE 802.3ad (LACP) ,
    IEEE 802.3ae , IEEE 802.3u , IEEE 802.3x , IEEE 802.3z
  • Use a battery backup on the switches

This is the very basics behind network switch infrastructure.  Managing switches and using the IEEE standards above along with optimizing your network and managing the network infrastructure is important.

Excellent articles on Networking Infrastructure

http://www.lantronix.com/resources/net-tutor-switching.html

http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/it-consultant/only-novices-daisy-chain-switches/

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Cannot access computer by NetBios name after replacing NIC card

If you have ever replaced a network card on a server or computer and you can no longer access the computer, you should flush any cache on the workstation that is accessing the server.

Insure no other users are logged in –

Open a Command Prompt as an Administrator (Type CMD in the search box)

ipconfig /flushdns

ipconfig /registerdns

nbtstat –s

nbtstat -r

nbtstat –c

nbtstat –R

nbtstat -RR

nbtstat –n

nbtstat -a xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx      (replace the x’s with the IP address of the computer you are accessing – the computer with the new NIC card)

Also insure the NetBIOS over TCP/IP radio button is selected. (See Below)

To enable NetBIOS over TCP/IP on Windows 7 or Server 2008 R2:

  1. Click Start, and then click Network. (click Start, type ncpa.cpl into the search box for Windows 7 or Vista, hit ENTER).
  2. Click on the Network and Sharing Center
  3. Click Manage Network Connections.
  4. Right click on the Local Area Connection select Properties.
  5. Select Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP/IPv4)
  6. Click the Advanced button under the General tab.
  7. Click the WINS tab.
  8. Click Enable NetBIOS Over TCP/IP.
  9. Click OK and Exit the settings.
Posted in computer troubleshooting, Computers, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Networking, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Program running slow? Set its Affinity to use all processors

You can set a program that may use only one of your processors to use more than one.  How?  Open the Task Manager by right clicking on the taskbar. Next click on Details,  sort the programs and right click on your program.  Next select processor Affinity.   Select all of the processors you want.

affinity-one

affinity-all

When you reboot, any changes you made will return to the default.

What you can do in order to always have processor affinity when a program starts-

Write a script  more details on what number to use can be found at this article

 

 

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Windows Search Issues

When you add drives and other devices to your computer, it is good to have areas indexed so that finding files is easier.

Here’s how to re-index a drive –

Make sure your drive has indexing checked.  You can go to This-PC (or My Computer), double click, right click the drive and make sure it has indexing checked.

Next go to the Control Panel and click on Indexing Options

control-panel

Click on Advanced

indexing-two

Click on Rebuild

 advanced

This will take some time to rebuild your index.

indexing

This increased a client’s drive from 600+ files to over 83,000+ files.

finished

You can continue using your computer during this time.   The search time and accuracy will improve after a few minutes.

Posted in Computer Software, Education, help desk, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Software, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

All cpus not showing in Task Manager or Device Manager

Thank you Andrew for finding this!  Many forums will tell you to re-install windows or to mess with the HAL in order to show multiple cores after changing processors. Kasey (one of our students) changed his quad-core processor to a hexacore processor. Once he booted up he only saw four cores.   Andrew discovered an easy fix by using EasyBCD.  Here’s what you do.   Download EasyBCD

  • Install the Software
  • Run EasyBCD
  • On the menu, Click on Advanced Settings
  • Click Developer
  • Limit Windows to (Change the CPUs to 0 Zero) – Yes this is correct
  • Click Save
  • Reboot
Once you reboot the task manager will show all of your cores.
EasyBCD is a boodloader that does so much more than fix the number of CPUs seen by your taskmanager.   It allows you backup and restore your BCD settings, allows you to setup your MBR (Master Boot Record), repair boot files, helps you to diagnose boot problems, limit CPU or memory usage for older programs.

Download (Free)

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Resilient File System on Windows 10 Pro

While NTFS is a reliable file system, Windows 10 can have ReFS enabled for data drives and some external drives.  What exactly is ReFS?

ReFS is Resilient File System.  ReFS insures data availability,  supports large file systems without a performance hit and has a Scrubber that supports Acute Error Correction. It supports up to a Max. Volume size of 1 yobibyte (280 bytes) and a Max. file size of 16 exbibytes (264−1 bytes).

Fact 1 exbibyte =    1,152,921,504.606 Gigabytes (over 1 trillion billion gigabytes)

      (More information –Building the next generation file system for Windows: ReFS)

So how do you enable it?  (Caution- Perform these steps at your own risk)

FIRST – make a backup and create a restore point.   Then – right click on the menu and select run.  Type regedit.   Navigate to –
HKEY_Local_Machine\system\CurrentControlSet\Control\FileSystem
Next create a DWORD and name it –
RefsDisableLastAccessUpdate and set its value to 1

refs-one

 

Next navigate to –
HKEY_Local_Machine\system\CurrentControlSet\Control\MiniNT
(Note: You may have to create this Key)

Under this key, create AllowRefsFormatOverNonmirrorVolume and set it to 1 (its value)

minint

Unlike Fat32, you cannot use the convert command to convert to ReFS.  You must backup your data first.  You also cannot use it on your system drive and boot with ReFS.

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