Should you disable 8dot3 for performance and security?

icrosoft did recommend to disable short names  in a security guide some times back.  There is evidence that file operations in directories (folders) that contain a large number of file can be slowed by short file name creations.  So does it improve performance? The short answer – Yes.

Now should you disable short names?  This answer is going to be on a case by case basis.  Some questions to ask yourself –

  • Do you have older programs that use 8dot3 (short names)?
  • Do you have a folder with a significant amount of files and coping or creating files is slow?

Below is a pic showing the improvement by disabling and stripping

 

Image:  Blog Technet Microsoft

Here’s what you need to do –

  • Always backup your system
  • Open a Command Prompt as Administrator
  • Type fsutil 8dot3name query c:
    (enter the drive letter at the end)
  • Type fsutil 8dot3name set c: 1
    (This will disable 8.3)
  • If you want to do this system wide, type –
     fsutil behavior set disable8dot3 1
  • To strip existing files with a 8.3 short name, this will scan your computer and the system registry and strip the files of their short names type the following-
    –   fsutil 8dot3name strip /s /v c:

Example:

One query 8dot3

disable 8dot3

strip

References:

 

 

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Slow SQL Connection or Network in Windows 10 – Update

Finally found a small problem with Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and 10.  After upgrading, we have discovered that Windows  was responding slow to our SQL Server 2008 and SQL Server / other versions.  What we discovered is below.

Slow response times in Windows to a SQL Server can be due to the LLMNR protocol.  This may be resolved by turning off the LLMNR protocol.

LLMNR is a protocol that allows both IPv6/4 computers to perform name resolution for the NetBIOS names of other computers without requiring a DNS server.

IPv4 hosts can use NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) to resolve computer names to IPv4 addresses for neighboring computers by broadcasting a NetBIOS Query.

All IPv4-based LLMNR hosts listen on the IPv4 multicast address 224.0.0.252 instruct their Ethernet network adapters to listen for Ethernet frames with a destination multicast address.

Windows -based LLMNR computers do not send or respond to unicast queries.

To disable LLMNR:

Modify Group Policy – Go to Search – Type GPEdit.msc – Enter – Navigate to the following and make sure Enabled is checked –


Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\DNS Client
\Turn off Multicast Name Resolution = Enabled

How does Multicasting Work?  Here’s a good explanation

Update –

LLMNR

Windows Vista and Windows Server “Longhorn” support Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR), which allows IPv6 hosts on a single subnet without a DNS server to resolve each other’s names. This capability is useful for single-subnet home networks and ad hoc wireless networks. Rather than unicasting a DNS query to a DNS server, LLMNR nodes send their DNS queries to a multicast address on which all the LLMNR-capable nodes of the subnet are listening. The owner of the queried name sends a unicast response. IPv4 nodes can also use LLMNR to perform local subnet name resolution without having to rely on NetBIOS over TCP/IP broadcasts.

Dawn M. Babian, GSAE
Instructor

Disabling LLMNR (Below)

Professional or Enterprise (Gpedit.msc)

Home Edition

Create a registry key as follows –

You also should go to your network adapter properties and disable all of the settings under the advanced properties such as TCP/Offload and other advanced settings.  Remember, not all adapters have advanced options – disable any settings that allow you to do so….

Disable your anti-virus and check the speed.  Is your anti-virus causing issues?

See our article –

Phrases you may hear in IT

GUI Maintenace Program for MSSQL or MYSQL

Want an excellent program to manage your MySQL server from Windows?  With MySQL, you can download MySQL Workbench.  MySQL Workbench offers great graphics on your MySQL incident and an interface that offers features such as queries and status of your server.

But what if you want to run maintenance programs such as Analyze, Backup, Check, Checksum, Optimize or to Repair your database quickly?  HeidiSQL offers dozens of features including an excellent maintenance option.  (Support for MySQL and MSSQL)

Analyze

Optimize

  • Support for MySQL
  • Support for MSSQL
  • Support for PostgresSQL

Features from HeidiSQL

More information on MYSQL Maintenace

https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/table-maintenance-sql.html

Posted in Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, network, Networking, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows Server | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Seizing the Operation Master Roles in Windows Server – RID issues

How to repair AD in this state (object can’t be created -users/other)

  • command prompt (admin) – Type the following…
  • ntdsutil
  • roles
  • connections
  • connect to server
  • quit
  • seize schema master
  • seize naming master
  • seize RID master
  • seize PDC
  • seize infrastructure master

Reboot

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Is your SSD or HDD dirty?

You can of course use the Windows GUI to check your SSD or HDD.  But did you know that you should check your drives by typing the following (you can copy and paste in a elevated command prompt and change switches as necessary)-

fsutil dirty query c:
fsutil dirty query c:
chkntfs c:
fsutil repair query c:
fsutil behavior set BugcheckOnCorrupt 1
fsutil repair set c: 0x01
pause

What does it look like when it is ran at an elevated command prompt?

dirty

What it means

 

Posted in computer troubleshooting, Computers, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Intel Drivers, windows 10 privacy, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows Server | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Here are “100 common Windows 10 problems and how to solve them” | TechRadar

What's On My PC

This is a good educational piece for anyone who is using Windows 10.

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Having issues with Windows 10? Well, we’ve got some answers for you here…

Source: 100 common Windows 10 problems and how to solve them | TechRadar

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Error 1935 while installing Office

If you receive the error 1935, take the following steps-

  • Make sure you have C++ Redistributables  Link 
  • Uninstall Office (Make sure you have any documents backed up)
    • Run the Office Installation Cleaner (easy fix two found in Option Two at the following link)
  • Delete the following key in your registryRegistry fix
Posted in Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Aomei Partition Assistant Lite Edition

Need a free partition software to partition or re-partition a hard drive?  Here’s an excellent piece of software that saved us a ton of time on one of our servers and helped Mickey with a friend’s project.   Cost – Free

Aomei Partition Assistant Lite Edition


The following is a main function list:

Resize/Move partition
Create partition
Delete partition
Delete all partitions
Format partition
Set partition label
Change drive letter
Remove drive letter
Convert file system
Check partition
View disk/partition properties

For – Windows 2000 Professional SP4, Windows XP/Vista/Windows 7/8, Windows Small Business Server 2011/2008/2003, Windows Home Server and Windows Server 2000/2003/2008 (32-bit and 64-bit).

Easy to use but for advanced users.

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Microsoft Research TCP Analyzer – Check Out Your Network

Microsoft Research TCP Analyzer (Link) is a network analyzer that allows you to analyze network traces of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connections. Given a Microsoft Network Monitor trace, the analyzer provides various performance statistics and visualizations for the captured TCP connection. This app also gives a time plot and an explanation of the individual plots.

You must have Microsoft Network Monitor installed before installing TCP Analyzer and you must download the SDK for Experts.   You should also install Charting.   Download

Below is an Example of Microsoft Network Monitor capturing packets on a wireless network.  Notice the information about the wireless (-60 dBm) in the first picture.   In the second picture you can see information on a captured packet (firefox.exe and the destination IP address).

TCP Analyzer which as stated requires Microsoft’s Network Monitor to installed first.

To USE TCP Analyzer

  • Start Microsoft’s Network Monitor
  • Capture packets for ? (general over a period of time you decide at peak usage of your network or when transferring and using data across your network.
  • Stop the Capture
  • Open the Captured File
  • Go to Experts Menu (this appears after you stop, save and reopen a capture file
  • Open the TCP Analyzer

Want to see the TOP Users of your Network?

You can also find your Top Users (top 10) by using this expert (download)-

Charting Download (must have .NET 3.5)

*this software was tested on Windows 7 Professional but will work with Windows Vista or Windows XP.

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Did you know that you can sort in Microsoft Excel by using colors?

What's On My PC

Did you know that you can sort in Microsoft Excel by using colors? For example, Excel can sort by cell color, font color, cell icon, and values. If you want to learn quickly how this works, follow the source link below at PCWorld.

Can Excel Sort by Color? How to Fill Color and use Sort & Filter’s Custom Sort | PCWorld

microsoft excel logo primary resized2

Source: Can Excel Sort by Color? How to Fill Color and use Sort & Filter’s Custom Sort | PCWorld

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How can I improve my internet performance with DNS information in my router?

There are dozens of tips on the web from MTU size to tweaking network card or wireless router alternate firmware.  What isn’t covered a lot is DNS queries.   DNS or Domain Name Services is used when you type the ‘friendly’ name (url) into your address bar of your browser.   The friendly name goes out onto the worldwide web to your ISPs DNS servers where it is changed to an IP address and routing then takes place.

How can you improve this?  Here’s some ideas.  When programming your router, you can statically define the DNS servers in your router and disable DNS Relay.  This will cause the dhcp leases to contain the hard coded ip addresses of the DNS servers you typed in instead of the router’s  ip address (leaving DNS relay on, your router will act as the go between).   With several combinations, which is best?

If your router has a SPI firewall, the impact of this is that the stateful-packet-inspection (SPI) table will have to track additional DNS(Port:53)  streams as each individual  device (tablet, computer, smartphone, smart TV) makes its unique request (websites typed into the address bar) directly to the DNS servers on the Internet.

You can program your router with several options.  Here are a few combinations.

DNS Relay on Your router DNS Servers entered into the
router
Pros Cons
Enabled Yes Computers receive fixed local DNS server number. Your router can immediately proxy dns queries and you can travel directly to your site.  Use your router’s IP as the first DNS address and a public DNS as the secondary.  Fastest DNS servers (secondary) could change (rare) and become out of date
Enabled No Computers receive fixed local DNS server. Router receives update-to-date DNS entries. Some small delay in  querying a website
Disabled Yes Computers receive fixed DNS servers. DNS queries are now part of your standard traffic and are inspected by the SPI engine. Can be slower.
Disabled No Computers receive your ISP’s update-to-date dns server entries if known. Request pass through to outside DNS servers and can be slower

If you need to check your DNS entries after you save your router’s settings, in Windows, go to a command prompt and type ipconfig /all. Running Linux? Type ifconfig to get your IP address or cat /etc/resolv.conf  to get your ip address and dns  information after you program and reboot your router.

Posted in Apple, Computer hardware, Computers, Home Networking, Internet, Linux, network, Networking, Windows | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Why Do You Subnet?

Why? The Golden Question

All over the internet you will find information on ‘How to Subnet’.   Suddenly you are thrown into a world of bits and binary and given charts of ‘How to Subnet’.   But why do you subnet?

Subnets are created to separate areas of your network for security and/or to hold down broadcasts.  Computers constantly ‘talk’ to each other.   If you have a network of 10 computers, the talking (opening files or programs) or broadcasting packets that are sent out during networking is not much traffic at all.   However if you have 10,000 computers talking and passing data, you will have thousands of computers passing data and your network will slow down from all of the information.   If you still don’t understand, invite 10 friends over for a get together.  It’ll get noisy but you can still hear every conversation.    Now, go to a rock concert with 10,000 screaming fans.   Get the picture.

Subnetting allows you to divide areas of your network out to prevent this.   So here comes the golden question.  How can you get them to ‘talk’ when you need to?   With the installation of a Layer 3 Switch or a router, these subnets can talk.

And for all of the folks who know a ton of details on the subject, this is just an example for people who are searching why to subnet.

Other Ways to Divide Your Network

Are there other ways to divide your network?  You can use VLANs.  Devices such as switches allow virtual lans to be set up.    By purchasing managed switches, you can separate different areas of your network thus separating areas for security and holding down traffic.

So now I know why – but how and don’t give me binary and all the fuzzy stuff!

The best explaination I have found is at this link.   A simple chart with examples!

Here’s my example –

Subnetting allows your network to become more efficient and allows you to separate your network by subnets.

Let’s say your network is on a 192.168.1.x numbering scheme.

How do you know what your network is?  Open a command prompt and type ipconfig.   See the gateway?  That is your starting number for your network.   The network allows 254 computers to be in the broadcast domain.

So if you do an ipconfig and see this-

192.168.1.125      – your ip address
255.255.255.0    – your current subnet
192.168.1.1           – your gateway (This is your router or firewall – the point leading to the internet)

Now let’s say you have 20 devices in your network.   How can you effectively hold down broadcast and prevent your router from building tables for each device?  How can you make it more effective and hold down traffic?   Actually without understanding binary, you can do this.   Remember this is basics and should help you understand.

You see under the current network, you can have 254 devices in your network.  Printers, routers, computers, tablets, netbooks, notebooks, etc.    The last set of numbers called an octet only goes from 1-254.   But lets narrow this down.

You can use a CIDR calculator online to determine how to tweak your network.   A good site is Subnet Calculator.   Go there and enter your router’s number in the ip field.   Now go down and enter a number close to the number of devices you have on your network.  In this example, enter 30.

Did you see where the subnet changed to 255.255.255.224?    (Did you notice that 224 + 30 is 254?)

Ok, now open your adapter settings by clicking the network icon at the bottom right corner and selecting Open Network and Sharing Center.

Now click on the adapter settings.

Right click and select properties on your adapter that is active.

Now select Internet Protocol v4

Enter an ip address statically (manually put it in).  Put in your new subnet and your gateway.   You must also put in your DNS or a public DNS server.  You should keep a list of each devices number to avoid any problems.  All ip addresses must be different on each device.

The only valid numbers in this broadcast domain now is – 192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.2, 192.168.1.3 continuing until you get to 192.168.1.30 (remember you chose to have up to 30 devices on your network.)  If you enter any number above this, you will get an error.

Error screen showing an ip address above what you selected.

If you get the above error screen, you have entered an invalid number.

After you select a number between 192.168.1.1 and 192.168.1.30, click OK and exit all screens by clicking OK.

If you do an ipconfig now, you will see this-

When you change subnets as the above example shows, you have to remember that you may lose connectivity to devices such as routers or network printers.   You will need to set devices such as servers and these devices on the same subnet so that whoever is assigned this subnet can communicate with them.

This by no means is a thorough subnetting lesson.   It can become much more complex by introducing multiple routers into your network, DHCP servers or other devices.   This is a simple how-to that shows you how broadcast domains can be more efficient.

Now one more thing.  Want to know how to subnet?  You can use the magic number method.

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A Search Engine that shows devices on the web

Secure your devices.  Bottom-line, there are malicious users on the web that can find your device (webcams, IP cameras, routers, SCADA and other devices).  Change the default passwords and update software/firmware when it is available.  Disable UPNP and look for vulnerabilities that may affect your device.

 

CNN’s Money on “Hacking anything connected to the internet

 

 

Posted in Apple, Computer hardware, Computer Security, Education, Hacking, Home Networking, Information Technology, Internet, Law, network, Networking, Technology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Windows won’t Activate?

Windows not Activating?  Go to a command prompt as an administrator and type the following:

SLMGR -REARM

Reboot

 

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Need to optimize your network – Silly Window Syndrome could be happening

Need to speed your internet up or tweak your network out?  Here’s some things to take into consideration.  Something called Silly Window Syndrome can occur if a server or workstation that has a shared files has high latency.

You see, when there is no synchronization between the workstation and a server (or ws to ws) regarding the capacity of the flow of data being sent or the packet size, Silly Window Syndrome can occur.

Here’s where Nagle’s algorithm is used if the Silly Window Syndrome occurs from the sender.  You can make sure it is enabled by running the script below from a command line (as administrator). Nagle  will send the first segment even if it is tiny.  Then it’ll wait for the acknowledgement (known as an ACK) is received or a MSS is accumulated. (MSS – maximum sized segment)

You see, Nagle’s algorithm works by improving TCP efficiency.  This algorithm reduces the number of small packets  being sent over a network.

So what if the delays are caused by the receiver?  David D Clark’s solution can be and is used.  Clark’s solution closes the window until another segment of MSS can be received or if the buffer becomes half empty.

Now there something else – Delayed ACK tries to send more data over a segment if it can.   Here’s the problem.  the interaction of Delayed ACK with Nagle’s algorithm can create 200+ ms delays.

How do I?

Run this from a command line as an administrator to turn off Nagle’s algorithm  

REG ADD HKey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\ /v TcpAckFrequency /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

REG ADD HKey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\ /v TCPNoDelay /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

taskkill /f /im explorer.exe

start explorer.exe

pause

______________________________________________________

Run this from a command line as an administrator to turn on Nagle’s algorithm  

REG ADD HKey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\ /v TcpAckFrequency /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

REG ADD HKey_Local_Machine\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces\ /v TCPNoDelay /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

taskkill /f /im explorer.exe

start explorer.exe

__________________________________________________________________________________________

There’s several other things you can do for latency –

  1. Check things like LLMNR.  You can get delays with SQL and you may need to disable it on work stations and the server.
  2.  Look at Nagle’s Algorithm and Delayed ACK.
    1. You can turn Nagle’s algorithm on or off as needed.   It’s not always the best choice in highly interactive networks but can help to speed up downloads and remote connectivity.   We’ve had several students in a jam that needed a file moved and high latency stopped them or the download failed.  So what did they do?  Adjusted Nagle’s Algorithm.
  3. Disable everything in the network card settings with the exception of flow control
  4. Manually adjust the connection speed – we’ve seen even with the correct network card drivers slow throughput on networks.  After adjusting to 1Gbps manually instead of auto, the computer speed up.
  5. Is everything a gigabit?  Switches, servers, workstation and other.  If so, enable jumbo frames.

Remember always optimize your network before you throw hardware at the problem.

Also, don’t worry, Karn’s algorithm will be working when computers are talking.  It basically measures time from point A and B and if there is a delay, it’ll say ‘hello’ again to try and get a response.

If you have an application you need to access that uses TCP across the network, you may be able to speed it up by enabling TcpAckFrequency and/or TcpNoDelay in the registry.  –

Open regedit and then find-

Registry Key
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\Tcpip\Parameters\Interfaces

Make sure you find the correct interface for your active network connection.One way is to look at the IP Addresses listed until you find the correct interface.

On the right window, create a DWORD32 for-
TcpAckFrequency=1
TCPNoDelay=1

Reboot

Always make sure you measure your network speed before you make changes to set a baseline.  Measure the speed after you make changes.   How do you measure it?  Put the following software on the workstation and server.  Totusoft’s Lanspeed

http://www.totusoft.com/lanspeed

 

 

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Mickey’s solution to viruses and malware that won’t let you open the desktop

An easy solution from 2014!

TCAT Shelbyville - Technical Blog

Ever run into a virus that won’t let you open the desktop or go into Safe Mode?  This solution will work on many of these viruses and not necessarily on all viruses or malware.

Hit – control-alt-delete key

Run the task manager

If you type or browse to explorer.exe, this may let you have the desktop.  If NOT, have a flashdrive that has your tools (portable – malwarebytes, ADWCleaner, superantispyware or other tools and navigate to the tool – you may also have RKill on the drive to kill processes that are malicious) and navigate to the tool of your choice.

TM

tool

 

Run multiple tools until the malware is removed.

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Need to optimize your network? Look at adjusting LocalPriority, HostPriority, DNSPriority or NetBTPriority. 

Need to optimize your network? Look at adjusting LocalPriority, HostPriority, DNSPriority or NetBTPriority.  (Host/DNS resolution)

The tweak works by increasing the priority of four processes.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\ServiceProvider\
LocalPriority = 4 (DWORD, the default is 499, change to 4)
HostPriority = 5 (DWORD, the default is 500, change to 5)
DnsPriority = 6 (DWORD, the default is 2000, change to 6)
NetbtPriority = 7 (DWORD, the default is 2001, change to 7)

You can use this script at a command prompt (as Admin) or in PowerShell (as Admin)-

reg add HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\TcpIp\ServiceProvider /v “LocalPriority” /t REG_DWORD /D 4 /F

reg add HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\TcpIp\ServiceProvider /v “HostsPriority” /t REG_DWORD /D 5 /F

reg add HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\TcpIp\ServiceProvider /v “DnsPriority” /t REG_DWORD /D 6 /F

reg add HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\TcpIp\ServiceProvider /v “NetBtPriority” /t REG_DWORD /D 7 /F

taskkill /f /im explorer.exe

start explorer.exe

PowerShell Priorities

Posted in computer troubleshooting, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, network, Networking, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Diagnosing your network and measuring speed.

Diagnosing your network? Here’s a GUI program to ping and get averages and speeds over a period of time – nine years ago we featured Performance Pinging by Carsten Schmidt and cannot find a working website from the author to download this program.  Fortunately, SnapFiles has the program available.

The program is an excellent portable utility that measures ping and transfer speeds on your network.

4MBps

 

Posted in Computer hardware, computer troubleshooting, Computers, Free Software, freeware, Home Networking, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, network, Networking, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows Server | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Should you disable 8dot3 for performance and security?

Microsoft did recommend to disable short names  in a security guide some times back.  There is evidence that file operations in directories (folders) that contain a large number of file can be slowed by short file name creations.  So does it improve performance? The short answer – Yes.

Now should you disable short names?  This answer is going to be on a case by case basis.  Some questions to ask yourself –

  • Do you have older programs that use 8dot3 (short names)?
  • Do you have a folder with a significant amount of files and coping or creating files is slow?

Below is a pic showing the improvement by disabling and stripping

 

Image:  Blog Technet Microsoft

Here’s what you need to do –

  • Always backup your system
  • Open a Command Prompt as Administrator
  • Type fsutil 8dot3name query c:
    (enter the drive letter at the end)
  • Type fsutil 8dot3name set c: 1
    (This will disable 8.3)
  • If you want to do this system wide, type –
     fsutil behavior set disable8dot3 1
  • To strip existing files with a 8.3 short name, this will scan your computer and the system registry and strip the files of their short names type the following-
    –   fsutil 8dot3name strip /s /v c:

Example:

One query 8dot3

disable 8dot3

strip

References:

 

 

Posted in Computer Security, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows Security, Windows Server | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Default_error_stack files

You’ve discovered hundreds or even thousands of default_error_stack files.  What should you do and what are they?

These files tend to be driver errors and can be safely deleted.  There were over 2.3 GB of these data files on my personal computer.

get rid of

 

Posted in computer troubleshooting, Computers, help desk, Information Technology, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server | Leave a comment

Truly reset the TCP/IP stack – Fix network/internet problems

Having connection issues and no viruses or malware?  Hardware OK?

Try typing the following at a command prompt to fully reset the TCP/IP Stack-


netsh winsock reset
netsh int ip reset
netsh interface ipv4 reset
netsh interface ipv6 reset
netsh interface tcp reset
netsh int reset all 
ipconfig /flushdns
nbtstat -R
nbtstat -RR
netsh interface tcp set global autotuninglevel=disabled
netsh advfirewall reset

You can also use PowerShell (as an administrator) and type –

Get-NetAdapter | Restart-NetAdapter

Posted in Computer hardware, computer troubleshooting, Computers, help desk, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment