Windows 10 Quick Tips

Look for our Windows 10 Quick Tips over the next several weeks.  Look for the tips in the link below –

https://ttcshelbyville.wordpress.com/category/windows-10-quick-tips/

https://ttcshelbyville.wordpress.com/tag/windows-10-quick-tips/

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CCleaner and Malwarebytes for Mac

Own an Apple/Mac?  You can speed your computer up and keep it clean by using CCleaner and Malwarebytes.   You can also download OnyX (See a review of OnyX) to take care of additional tasks and cleaning.

https://www.piriform.com/ccleaner/download?mac

https://www.malwarebytes.org/antimalware/mac/index.html

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Stop automatic restarts after updates

Want to stop automatic updates after your computer updates?

Here’s what you can do.  Click on Settings, Update and Security, Advanced Options and then change from Automatic to Notify to Schedule Restart.

1 Updates Smooth Auto Restart 2 Updates will not restart

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Shortcut key Download

Want to know the latest shortcut keys for Windows 10?  Grab the download here.

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=48716

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Check this out from Microsoft IT Showcase @Microsoft IT:

How Microsoft does IT.
Client Hyper-V is the virtualization technology built into Windows 10 and Windows 8.x. It is the same virtualization technology previously available only in Windows Server. Client Hyper-V enables you to run more than one 32-bit or 64-bit x86 operating system at the same time on the same host computer. But instead of working directly with the computer’s hardware, the operating systems run inside a virtual machine (VM). Hyper-V enables developers and IT professionals to easily maintain multiple test environments. It also provides a simple mechanism to quickly switch between these environments quickly

Source: Check this out from Microsoft IT Showcase @Microsoft IT:

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Windows 10 Quicktips – Shutdown Shortcut

Want to shutdown Windows 10 Quickly?

You can create a shortcut by right clicking the desktop, selecting new, select Shortcut and type %windir%\system32\shutdown.exe /s /t 0

More information –  https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/Bb491003.aspx

1 Shortcut 2 Complete Shortcut 3 Name your short cut 4 Shutdown Icon

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Use multiple Desktops

Working on multiple projects?  Click on the Task View Icon Desktop .

Next click on Add Desktop on the right side of your screen. (below bottom right corner – look for the + sign)

desktop one

To select the screen (desktop you want), simply click on the desktop.  This will allow you to keep projects separated.

Desktop two

To close a desktop, save your work, hover your mouse over the desktop you want closed and click the X in the top right of the screen (below).

Desktop two closing

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Data Usage

Need to keep track of how much data you use?

Click on Settings

1 Network Usage

Click on Data usage

2 Network Usage

Click on usage details to get a breakdown

3 Network Usage 4 Network Usage

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Add Desktop icons

Want your desktop icons on your Windows 10 pc?

Right click on the desktop, click personalize, click on themes and then click on Desktop icon settings.

Select the icons you want to see on your desktop.

personalize

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Photo viewers and Windows 10

Rick over at “What’s on my PC” recently reviewed FastStone Image Viewer  which I agree is one of the best image viewers on the web.  I’ve used FastStone for years and I also have Irfanview and XnView.    Note:  This is by no means is a way to try to compete with Rick, Rick is an excellent blogger who we have used in lectures and we highly recommend his blog.

Read more over at Rick’s blog –What’s on My PC

Irfanview

Irfanview is an excellent viewer that has dozens of features including EXIF plugins that integrate with Google Earth.  Here’s more features from their website.

  • Thumbnail/preview option
  • Resize
  • Paint option – to draw lines, circles, arrows, straighten image etc.
  • Toolbar skins option
  • Slideshow (save slideshow as EXE/SCR or burn it to CD)
  • Show EXIF/IPTC/Comment text in Slideshow/Fullscreen etc.
  • Support for Adobe Photoshop Filters
  • Fast directory view (moving through directory)
  • Batch conversion (with advanced image processing)
  • Multipage TIF editing
  • File search
  • Email option
  • Multimedia player
  • Print option
  • Support for embedded color profiles in JPG/TIF
  • Change color depth
  • Scan (batch scan) support
  • Cut/crop
  • Add overlay text/image (watermark)
  • IPTC editing
  • Effects (Sharpen, Blur, Adobe 8BF, Filter Factory, Filters Unlimited, etc.)
  • Screen Capturing
  • Extract icons from EXE/DLL/ICLs
  • Lossless JPG rotation
  • Shell Extension PlugIn
  • Unicode support
  • Many hotkeys
  • Many command line options
  • Many PlugIns

irshelbyville

Image editing and more

ir image modify

ir options
Here’s how the EXIF Plugin can work with Google Earth

Location services can give away your location when you take pictures.  Pictures may contain EXIF info that includes GPS information.

Don’t want the GPS data on your pictures?  Have Windows?  Right-click on your picture and choose properties.  Next, open the details tab and click remove properties and personal information.   (You can also turn off GPS information on your device – you may want to keep the 911 GPS information on.)

Here is an example of a log file picture with EXIF information from inside of our college.  We of course set this up as an exercise and for training purposes.

1 Google Earth

We used IrfanView (along with loading its plugins) to find the GPS data.  Irfanview’s Image Information finds the EXIF data and connects to Google Earth and Google Maps.

2 Logs

Note EXIF info below.

3 Exif info

4 Google Earth

Google Maps clicked…

5 Maps

6 Earth Movie

7 Earth Movie

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Slow SQL Connection or Network in Windows 10 – Update

Finally found a small problem with Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and 10.  After upgrading, we have discovered that Windows  was responding slow to our SQL Server 2008.  What we discovered is below.

Slow response times in Windows to a SQL Server can be due to the LLMNR protocol.  This may be resolved by turning off the LLMNR protocol.

LLMNR is a protocol that allows both IPv6/4 computers to perform name resolution for the NetBIOS names of other computers without requiring a DNS server.

IPv4 hosts can use NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) to resolve computer names to IPv4 addresses for neighboring computers by broadcasting a NetBIOS Query.

All IPv4-based LLMNR hosts listen on the IPv4 multicast address 224.0.0.252 instruct their Ethernet network adapters to listen for Ethernet frames with a destination multicast address.

Windows -based LLMNR computers do not send or respond to unicast queries.

To disable LLMNR:

Modify Group Policy – Go to Search – Type GPEdit.msc – Enter – Navigate to the following and make sure Enabled is checked –


Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Network\DNS Client
\Turn off Multicast Name Resolution = Enabled

How does Multicasting Work?  Here’s a good explanation

Update –

LLMNR

Windows Vista and Windows Server “Longhorn” support Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR), which allows IPv6 hosts on a single subnet without a DNS server to resolve each other’s names. This capability is useful for single-subnet home networks and ad hoc wireless networks. Rather than unicasting a DNS query to a DNS server, LLMNR nodes send their DNS queries to a multicast address on which all the LLMNR-capable nodes of the subnet are listening. The owner of the queried name sends a unicast response. IPv4 nodes can also use LLMNR to perform local subnet name resolution without having to rely on NetBIOS over TCP/IP broadcasts.

Dawn M. Babian, GSAE
Instructor

Disabling LLMNR (Below)

Professional or Enterprise (Gpedit.msc)

Home Edition

Create a registry key as follows –

You also should go to your network adapter properties and disable all of the settings under the advanced properties such as TCP/Offload and other advanced settings.  Remember, not all adapters have advanced options – disable any settings that allow you to do so….

Disable your anti-virus and check the speed.  Is your anti-virus causing issues?

See our article –

Phrases you may hear in IT

GUI Maintenace Program for MSSQL or MYSQL

Want an excellent program to manage your MySQL server from Windows?  With MySQL, you can download MySQL Workbench.  MySQL Workbench offers great graphics on your MySQL incident and an interface that offers features such as queries and status of your server.

But what if you want to run maintenance programs such as Analyze, Backup, Check, Checksum, Optimize or to Repair your database quickly?  HeidiSQL offers dozens of features including an excellent maintenance option.  (Support for MySQL and MSSQL)

Analyze

Optimize

  • Support for MySQL
  • Support for MSSQL
  • Support for PostgresSQL

Features from HeidiSQL

More information on MYSQL Maintenace

https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/table-maintenance-sql.html

Posted in Technology, Computers, Wireless, network, Information Technology, freeware, Computer Security, Windows 10 Quick Tips | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 13 Comments

NTLM Settings in Windows 7, 8 or 10

You may have devices (NASs) on your network that you can no longer can connect to or you may not be able to network to an older OS.  Actually this changes settings to accept NTLMv1 and NTLMv2 so that you can connect to Samba Servers, Snap Servers, Older Windows Computers or whatever….

1. Go to Run, Type Regedit and open this key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa

2. If it doesn’t exist, create a DWORD value named
LmCompatibilityLevel

3. Set the value to 1

4. Reboot

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Disable LLMNR from the command line

LLMNR can impact network performance in Windows 7.  This can especially take place with connections to SQL.

See our article on LLMNR for Group Policy or Network disabling or use the following:

Open a Command Prompt as an Administrator (CMD in the Search box)

Type the following:

REG ADD  “HKLM\Software\policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\DNSClient\

REG ADD ” HKLM\Software\policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\DNSClient” /v ” EnableMulticast” /t REG_DWORD /d “0” /f 

(The second command is one line!)

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AlphiMAX PTP Estimator provides an excellent way to align your wireless antennas

Need an excellent program to estimate your wireless bridges from building to building?  AlphiMAX provides an excellent online program to estimate your wireless links.

Sign up is easy and fast.  The PTP Estimator requires that you have the Latitude and Longitude of both buildings.  You can get an estimated Lat. and Long. from Google maps.  Find your location on Google maps (you should use a GPS) and right click on the location you want then select “What’s here?” .    This will provide the numbers you need.  Remember, it is best to use a GPS on each site where you intend to erect an antenna.

PTP Estimator

You can also search for a location by name by clicking the area in the center of the online application.  icon

Once you have the Lat. and Long., enter the numbers at the top of the online application.  Click Estimate.

Entering LatandLong

The interface will show you the terrain, Antenna height, compass information, Fresnel Zone Clearance, approximate altitude,  along with product information they provide.

Aligned

The estimator also offers a 3D view of your project if you have an active subscription.

AlphiMAX Company Overview
AlphiMAX provides products to help you with your wireless needs.

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Reliability Monitor

Want to know how reliable your computer is?  Want to know what is causing errors?  The Reliability Monitor can help you find out what is wrong with your laptop or desktop.

Go to the Control Panel – All Control Panel Items -Security and Maintenance -Reliability Monitor or enter the following in explorer –

(  Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Security and Maintenance\Reliability Monitor )

1 Rel 2 Rel

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Windows 10 VPN – Computer to Computer

Want to connect a VPN from one Windows 10 computer to another computer such as Windows 7, 8.1 or 10?

On the hosting computer, share your folder out with who you want to have access.  Make sure you audit the folder and have auditing enabled.

Open the Network and Sharing Center,  Click on Change Adapter Settings,  Click the Alt key now click on New Incoming Connections.

1

2

3

4

Now click on Allow access.   This will create the hosting VPN connection.

On the computer that will be dialing into the VPN, click on the notification area next to the time on the taskbar.   Click on VPN.

1A

Click Add VPN

1 A2 Dial in

Fill in the information (If you use the computer’s name to connect, this may be case sensitive).   Click Save.

3 Test

4 Sign in

5 signing in

6 CONNECTED

You can now navigate to the computer using a UNC (Example: \\AMANDA-PC)

This will provide encryption between the two computers.

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Long file names cannot be deleted

After upgrading to Windows 10, I immediately deleted the Windows.old folder using disk cleanup.   This in turn recovered around 20 gigabytes in space on my computer.

I noticed odd file names from previous updates (example:c:\2d51a0107296557123f92939e121) that I could not delete even if I took ownership or gave my user permission (including subdirectories) to delete the information.   Bleachbit failed and so did CCleaner.

Here’s how I got rid of the files –

First go to a command prompt as an administrator.   At the prompt, type –

C:\>cd /d c:\
C:\>dir /ad
C:\>md empty
C:\>robocopy /e /purge /b empty 2d51a0107296557123f92939e121

(Replace 2d51a0107296557123f92939e121 with the folder you want to delete)

You can now delete the folders including the empty folder.

If the folder still does not delete, type the following at a command prompt –

Takeown /F  2d51a0107296557123f92939e121
icacls 2d51a0107296557123f92939e121 /grant administrators:F
rd 2d51a0107296557123f92939e121

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Check Your Computer’s Security with these 14 links

With October being Cyber Security Awareness Month, these links help you see if you are secure.

http://daol.aol.com/security/computer-checkup

http://www.auditmypc.com

http://www.bitdefender.com/scan8/ie.html

http://shop.ca.com/STContent/Resources/Resources.aspx

http://www.eset.com/online-scanner

http://onecare.live.com/site/en-us/default.htm?s_cid=sah

http://www.kaspersky.com/virusscanner

http://us.mcafee.com/root/mfs/default.asp

http://www.pandasecurity.com/activescan/index/?track=1&Lang=en-US&IdPais…

http://www.symantec.com/securitycheck

http://housecall.trendmicro.com/housecall/start_corp.asp

http://www.webroot.com/En_US/land-ss-promo-freescan.html

https://browsercheck.qualys.com

http://www.qualys.com/stopmalware

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – Regaining disk space “Whats On My PC”

Rick’s website has excellent Windows 10 information – go visit his blog and see how to regain your disk space.

What’s On My PC “Regain Disk Space after Upgrading to Windows 10”

Give me some space

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Windows 10 Quick Tips – MAC/Apple Fans, Don’t worry Boot Camp

Don’t worry Apple fans, Windows 10 can be loaded with Boot Camp

https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201468

IMG_0049

IMG_0048 IMG_0050

Thanks Tim S.! The function keys on this mid-2012 i7 MacBook 13″ don’t work with Windows 10 but the OS works great.

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International Space Station Virtual Tour

Want to tour the International Space Station?  Thanks Brandon W!

http://esamultimedia.esa.int/multimedia/virtual-tour-iss/

ISS Tour

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