Coming Soon – Mac and Linux Quick Tips

Coming Soon – Mac and Linux Quick Tips

Why?  Because IT must understand all operating systems.

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Mac – How to capture or copy your screen

How do you take a screenshot with a Mac?  To capture your screen, use Command-Shift-3

full

To capture part of a screen, use Command-Shift-4.  Use your mouse and drag the cursor over the area you want to capture.  The file will be saved to your desktop.

part

 

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Goodbye CMD prompt – and update your PowerShell help

Powershell is becoming the new default command line.  It’s more powerfull and computers and operating systems always change. Before you get started, you may want to update it.  Right click your menu icon. Select Windows PowerShell (Admin)

powershell

Next type – Get-Help dir

help

help-two

Can I still get to the CMD prompt?  Yes – simply type CMD after clicking the menu icon.  Next right click on the CMD program and run as an administrator.

cmd

Windows PowerShell Tutorials

Posted in Computer Software, Computers, help desk, higher ed, Information Technology, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

Cut down God Mode to individual areas

Remember God Mode?  You can cut this overwhelming shortcut down by using some of your most useful tools.  Here’s an example on how to put Troubleshooting on your desktop.

First, make a new folder  on your desktop and rename it to

troubleshooting.{C58C4893-3BE0-4B45-ABB5-A63E4B8C8651}

trouble

This will now give you a shortcut to troubleshooting tools.

troubleshooting-window

The long string of numbers is called the CLSID.  You can make a shortcut to any in the following list.

 

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Phone news

iPhone and Android woes

Rootkit found pre-installed on 3 million Android Phones

iPhone sends call information to Apple?

iPhone Access can be bypassed?

Some Android phones sending information to China

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How to flush the DNS cache on Mac, Linux or Windows

If websites are not appearing correctly, connections time out or if you cannot find a computer on a network, you may need to flush the DNS cache.  Here’s how to do it-

Microsoft Windows

– Go to a command prompt as an administrator
– Type ipconfig /flushdns

Linux

– Go to the terminal
-Type /etc/rc.d/init.d/nscd

Mac OS X Mountain Lion or Lion:-

– Go to the terminal
_ Type sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder

Mac OS x

– Go to the terminal
– Type sudo dscacheutil -flushcache

iPad

Reboot it to flush the cache or turn Airplane Mode on and off.

Ultimately resetting the network settings on the iPad will flush the DNS cache.
To reset the Network Settings-

  • Tap the Settings icon
  • Tap General
  • At the bottom of the column tap Reset
  • Choose Reset Network Settings

iPhones and Androids can be repbooted (powered down) to flush the DNS cashe

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Uninstall Old Drivers and Speed Up Your Computer

One of the best ways to speed up your computer of course is to uninstall old programs.   A recent article showed that the installation of multiple programs on any computer could slow the computer’s boot time, response time and even the shutdown.

Just like programs;  installing network cards, video cards, wireless cards, usb drives and other hardware and even software will put drivers in your computer.  These non existent devices can be seen in the device manager by going to a command prompt as an administrator and typing – set devmgr_show_nonpresent_devices=1

Then open the device manager and click on View and Show Hidden Devices.  You will then see ‘faded’ devices that are still loading in the device manager.   These devices are hardware and/or software (yes, even software will load drivers that control hardware) that no longer are installed on your computer.

Note:  In regards to the software drivers – even if you uninstall the software many antivirus programs and firewalls leave junk behind.

Always use caution when removing drivers, editing the registry or working with any configuration that changes your system.

Go through these devices and remove any older hardware you know no longer exist.  Rebooting your computer should result in a quicker response time.

Posted in Hardware, Information Technology, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Create a roaming profile – Windows 7, 8, 10 with Server 2008 R2

Attached are guides on creating a roaming profile with Windows 7 and Server 2008 r2.

(Thanks to Mr. Ledlow for creating these)

Guides are in PDF
Step One Create a User on the Domain

Step Two Creating a Folder on the Domain

Step Three Creating the Profile

Step Four Join the Domain

A roaming profile allows the domain user to login and keep their preferences regardless of where they login.

See our review of Windows 8 and see how you can run 90% of your programs, virtualize other operating systems, use your network and more.

Also go and Tweak your wireless!!

RichardKok  Reset a Roaming Profile

Other info

http://www.grouppolicy.biz/2010/08/best-practice-roaming-profiles-and-folder-redirection-a-k-a-user-virtualization/

http://blogs.technet.com/b/askds/archive/2008/06/17/user-profile-policies-in-windows-server-2008-and-windows-vista.aspx

http://blogs.technet.com/b/askds/archive/2008/06/30/automatic-creation-of-user-folders-for-home-roaming-profile-and-redirected-folders.aspx

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/555046

Windows 10 and Server 2012

Joining a domain helps to control users and allows them to roam between workstations.  Domains provide a central point to control and organize your enterprise.

4 Domain NameOn the domain, Click on Active Directory Users and Computers.  Right Click Users, select New and select User.

1 Users

While this post covers the basics of joining a domain, this post will not cover the detail you can specify for each user (to see more, double click on the user after the creation process).  Enter the information about the user.

2 User

Enter a complex password.  (GPOs can be set for each User, Computer, OU and more including password policies)

3 Password

On the Workstation,  Right Click Computer, select Change Settings.

WS Joining a Domain 1a

Under Member Of, select the radio bullet Domain and type in the Domain information.   If your computer cannot find the domain, go to your DNS settings and enter the IP address of the domain.

WS Joining domain 1

Click OK.

WS Joining Domain 2

Enter the Administrator Username and Password of the domain and click OK.

WS Joining Domain 3

Restart your computer.

WS joining Domain 4

Once the computer is restarted, enter the Username and Password for the user of the domain.   The domain’s policies are passed along to the workstation.   In general, if you had no policies setup, the default settings of a domain prevents the user from making hardware changes, setting the time and more.

The computer will now show up under AD Users and Computers.

LAST

Attached are guides on creating a roaming profile with Windows 7 and Server 2008 r2. These will work with Windows 7, 8, 8.1 or 10.

Guides are in PDF
Step One Create a User on the Domain

Step Two Creating a Folder on the Domain

Step Three Creating the Profile

Step Four Join the Domain

A roaming profile allows the domain user to login and keep their preferences regardless of where they login.

Posted in Computers, help desk, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Networking, Organizations, Technology, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Server 2008 R2 recovery

Boot from OS install disk

Select next after making sure the language options are correct.
Select Repair option
Select CMD
CD\recovery

Run the StartRep.exe

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Having Issues With Google Chrome?

Another excellent find! Thanks Rick

What's On My PC

If you are experiencing issues with Google Chrome, such as frequent crashes, unexpected ads, unusual start pages or a toolbar mysteriously appears; then, you may want to download the Chrome Cleanup Tool. Simply download to your desktop (or a folder) AND run… This tool is made by Google to help track down issues with the Google Chrome browser. One important point to make here is that this tool will give you an option to set your browser settings to the default (original) settings; so, be aware of that. Otherwise, this is worth a shot if your are in a dilemma…

Chrome Cleanup Tool

Chrome Cleanup Tool 

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FastStone Image Viewer Now At V6.0

Excellent freeware find!

What's On My PC

Typically, most folks use the image viewers/editors that is built into Windows, that can be, in my opinion, quite confusing. The viewer that is on all of my PC’s is FastStone Image Viewer.  Been using it for years… Available as a full install or portable app!

FastStone Image Viewer is a fast, stable, user-friendly image browser, converter and editor. It has a nice array of features that include image viewing, management, comparison, red-eye removal, emailing, resizing, cropping, retouching and color adjustments. Its innovative but intuitive full-screen mode provides quick access to EXIF information, thumbnail browser and major functionalities via hidden toolbars that pop up when your mouse touches one of the four edges of the screen. Other features include a high quality magnifier and a musical slideshow with 150+ transitional effects, as well as lossless JPEG transitions, drop shadow effects, image annotation, scanner support, histogram and much more. It supports…

View original post 38 more words

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Is your website or ISP up? Are they having issues?

Downdetector allows you to look at individual companies and check if their internet service or website is up.

http://downdetector.com/companies

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How to reset all Local Group Policy settings

You have changed the Group Policy (local, not in a domain) and are not sure exactly what changed – You can undo all of the changes by doing the following.

At the command prompt (as Administrator), type the following –

RD /S /Q “%WinDir%\System32\GroupPolicyUsers”

RD /S /Q “%WinDir%\System32\GroupPolicy”

gpupdate /force

Posted in Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, troubleshooting, Windows, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Security | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Did you know Microsoft has an online Training Center for Office?

Microsoft offers an online training center for Microsoft Office that covers Microsoft Excel, OneNote, Outlook, PowerPoint, Word, OneDrive, Access and Skype for Business.

office-training

The training offers videos, tips and more.  You can find the training here.

Posted in Education, Free Software, freeware, help desk, higher ed, higher education, Home Networking, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Windows 10, Technology, Windows 10, Windows 10 Quick Tips, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Completely uninstall Office with the easy fix tool

Microsoft offers an easy fix tool that gets rid of Office and insures that nothing remains in your folders or registry.   This tool should be use if you have errors installing Office or if you are wanting to remove Office and (re)install another product.

office-removal-program

Posted in Computer Software, computer troubleshooting, Computers, Education, Free Software, freeware, help desk, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Technology | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Are your IoT devices visible from the internet?

BullGuard has a scanner that quickly scans your public IP address and ‘sees’ if your network has open ports that could pose a threat to you or even the internet.  Here’s the link to see if you have something that is open on the internet.

If you do have devices that are visible – routers, wireless or other things such as DVRs – make sure you have the latest firmware and use strong passwords on these devices as a minimum.

http://iotscanner.bullguard.com/

bullguard

If you perform a deep scan, your network is further analyzed and you may receive the warning below.  If you intentionally opened a port AND you are actively monitoring your network by keeping updates and have ports opened along with firmware and 3rd party software updates, you are probably OK.

can-be-breached

 

 

Posted in Apple, Business, Computer Security, Computers, Education, Hacking, Hardware, higher ed, higher education, Information Technology, Internet, Internet of Things, internet security;, IoT, Linux, Mac, Microsoft Windows, Mobile Computing, network, Networking, Technology | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Windows Update – You may want to use IE and the Catalog to download the massive 760.6mb update …Updates again? This may be the update that fixes updates…for awhile…

Updated….again  (Thanks Cory)

Can’t update Windows, see this post… Link

Need the October 11, 2016 update?  Open IE and go to this link…. download the standalone version for your home or office.

You have to use IE in order to use the Catalog. Link below

http://catalog.update.microsoft.com/v7/site/search.aspx?q=kb3194798

kb3194798

 

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Cipher /w:C securely erasing unused space

The Cipher program can be used to remove any erased data from unused disk space.  The command, Ciper /w:C is used to perform this action and can securely erase data that you once had on your computer.  While this command is relatively safe, you should always have a backup of your critical data.

If you want to do this to make sure files are deleted properly you have to remember a couple of things.  Only do this when the computer can set idle for several hours.   Another thing you have to remember is that if you interrupt this process, the Ciper command can fill up your hard drive with temporary files.   If you have to interrupt this process, you may see you have a lot of space that is suddenly missing.  Use Space Sniffer to find where the temp files were written so that you can erase them.

You can securely erase other drives by replacing the C in the command above with the drive letter of your choice.

cipher

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Slow USB Transfer rate? Try this

If you are experiencing slow USB Transfer rates, try this.

  • Insert your USB drive.
  • Open the Device Manager
  • Expand Disk Drives and double click on your flash drive

slow-usb

  • Check the box “Turn off Windows write-cache buffer flushing on the device”

turn-off

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IEEE Cybersecurity Project a Weapon Against Cyberattacks – IEEE – The Institute

Try-CybSI lets practitioners experiment to learn hackers’ methods and devise defense strategies

Source: IEEE Cybersecurity Project a Weapon Against Cyberattacks – IEEE – The Institute

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