LXDE, the “Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment”, is an extremely fast and energy-saving desktop environment. LXDE a spinoff of Fedora and is an excellent way to learn how to use this version of Linux. LXDE is easy to install and the software is easy to use. Virtualizing an operating systems is the easiest way to try out an operating systems without wrecking your computer. VMWare Player is an excellent virtualization software that controls your virtual machines. . With VMPlayer, you can create virtual machines with up to 4 virtual processors, 2TB virtual hard disks and up to 64 GB of ram.
For this project, you’ll need two pieces of software. Download the ISO (LXDE) from fedoraproject.org and VMPlayer from VMWare.
- The ISO for LXDE can be downloaded here.
- VMWare can be downloaded here.
The setup of VMware Player is straight forwarded. Installation instructions are found here.
Installing Fedora LXDE
Open VMWare Player. Select the New Virtual Machine Wizard. Next, select select disc image file and navigate to where you downloaded the LXDE ISO.
Next select the Guest Operating System – Linux – Fedora 64 bit.
Name the Virtual Machine. I prefer never not to use spaces in a machine name. Use an underscore or a single word.
Next specify the disk capacity. Very little disk space is needed for this operating system.
By default, 1 GB of memory is allocated for the VM.
After clicking finish, you can put the VM on your network with your other computers by selecting Bridge (Network Adapter). If you select NAT, the computer will be on a different network.
Next, start the VM. You will get a notice about Removable Devices. (USB devices that can be used on your VM). You can close out this screen.
The VM will continue to load.
The ISO will load into memory. In order to load the ISO on your hard drive, click the Install to Hard Drive icon.
To see the IP address your VM is using, click on the Terminal Icon on the lower left corner of the screen and type IFConfig. You should have an IP address in the range of your current computers.
The installation will begin a wizard with basic questions about your setup.
During the installation, you will see basic hardware and network configuration information. Look for any exclamation points that need attention. Shown below is information on the installation of this VM, requiring an interaction on Storage (hard drive).
The information above requires interaction of clicking the Storage icon and selecting the appropriate drive.
Allow the OS to configure your hard drive automatically.
Once you complete this step, you will see the exclamation point disappear. Go to the next screen.
Setup user and root passwords on the next screen.
Select a complex password before continuing.
After completing the password requirements, you will see the progress bar percentage begin to count.
It is a good idea to monitor the host computer’s Performance monitor.
The CPU monitor in your LXDE is located in the lower right corner of the guest OS.
Once the progress bar reaches 100% and disk cleanup completes, the guest computer will reboot.
Fedora also offers a security lab that provides a safe test environment to work on security auditing, forensics, system rescue and teaching security testing methodologies in universities and other organizations.