Get the most out of security and remove viruses and malware

Here’s a few links and tips on maintaining your computer and repairing your computer.

Cleaning your computer and protecting your computer:

Cleaning and protecting your computer

CCleaner
(http://www.piriform.com/promo/ccleaner-180412?gclid=COSzg877668CFQlN4AodSBXc0Q)
MSConfig – only needed programs in the startup group (Run MSConfig in the start or search box)
– Find hidden files with WhatinStartup (Nirsoft)
(http://www.nirsoft.net/utils/what_run_in_startup.html)
– Find hidden startup items with
(http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb963902.aspx)
Runscanner
(http://www.runscanner.net/)
Malwarebytes
(http://www.malwarebytes.org/products/malwarebytes_free)
SuperAntispyware Portable
(http://www.superantispyware.com/portablescanner.html)
Microsoft Malware Removal
(http://www.microsoft.com/security/pc-security/malware-removal.aspx)
Microsoft Security Essentials
(http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows/products/security-essentials)

If necessary -
Old Timers List
(http://www.geekstogo.com/forum/files/file/398-otl-oldtimers-list-it/)
ComboFix
(http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/download/combofix/)
SmitFraudFix
(http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/files/smitfraudfix.php)
Windows and Office updates
Secunia – all third party software updates
Web of Trust – WOT
(http://www.mywot.com/)
Do Not Track – DNT+
(http://www.abine.com/dntdetail.php)
Turn on your Firewall
Check file shares and make sure you are not sharing to EVERYONE
Do NOT use P2P file sharing or torrent software
Surf Safely
Encrypt your files with AxCrypt or Safehouse
Encrypt your flashdrive
Scan portable devices – flash drives and external drives
Backup your computer to another drive or use a secure online storage vendor

Check for Proxies and resetting your firewall and winsock

Open Internet Options under the control panel and check connection|Lan Settings and make sure the proxy checkboxes are not checked (Unless you use one)
– How to reset your Windows Firewall
Open the cmd prompt as an administrator and type the following
netsh advfirewall reset
– How to reset your Winsock and flush cache
Open the cmd prompt as an administrator and type the following
ipconfig /flushdns
nbtstat -R
nbtstat -RR
netsh int reset all
netsh int ipv4 reset
netsh winsock reset catalog
After running the commands
This will rebuild the tcp/ip protocol stack (fully)
reboot your computer

So what happens if you don’t install updates and surf safely?

The one year experiment is done!  A year of safe thoughtful surfing, no anti-virus and after scanning for malware, spyware and viruses – zero.   Its now time for updates and anti-virus.   The key to safety on the internet starts at the keyboard.

Is it smart to do?  No.  No one should ignore updates to any operating system or updates to applications on the operating system regardless of the vendor.  Apple, Linux and Microsoft along with any software written will need updates for vulnerabilities.   This experiment was checking user safety.

With vulnerabilities of remote access and tons of others that are often found, it is critical that you get your updates.

The laptop was not used for mission critical applications.

Windows

  • Keep your computer up-to-date using Windows Update under the control panel
  • Use PSI Secunia to get updates to software on your computer
  • Use anti-virus software
  • Run CCleaner
  • Use your firewall

Apple

  • Click on the Apple Logo and select Software update
  • Use anti-virus software (yes – Apple is a target more than ever)
  • Run CCleaner
  • Use your firewall

Linux

  • Follow your distros recommendation on updating
  • Ubuntu users use the update manager
  • Use anti-virus software  (Linux too is becoming a target)
  • Use a firewall  (yes – a firewall – see http://www.zone-h.org for Linux defacements)